The Crucial Role That Social Welfare Professionals Play In Society

The role of a social worker is performed in numerous settings which include institutions, counseling services, fields and everything related to an individual’s everyday issues that are expected to stunt one’s progress in life and society. An individual who adopts serving mankind as a profession indicates that a person nourishes a strong and passionate energy for human welfare and thus, is all set to counsel people and solve their personal and social issues.

In the world of today, social welfare work is a proper profession and is directly associated with community improvement, individual welfare, stable public administration and health and consistent societal development. On a social scale, this means bringing about strong prevalence of health, medicine, education, and awareness about substance abuse. This also includes legal protection and assistance by the government, to contribute to public management and administration. These are just some of the issues encountered by a social worker, and are immensely challenging as well.

With a crucial role being performed by a social welfare professional, it is without a doubt that one refers to this field as a very challenging one, and hence is highly valued in the present world. Not only does it help one to be more aware of the ongoing issues that are faced in society, it provides them with a platform which they can employ to address any deteriorative matters such as drug abuse, economic instability, dearth of education, physical and psychological negligence and poverty.

The reason why social work is valued by people in general, is because they are provided with sincere counseling. Their strengths are highlighted, and they are encouraged to the maximum to integrate various strategies in their personal lives to improve their living style on their own. These seemingly trivial matters have a profound and tangible effect on individuals, and have been witnessed to have worked as an ice-breaker for socializing in the community.

Operating like a common man who is well-informed about the challenges of life, has the positive intent to overcome any negative forces and inculcating the spirit to live life at its best, means that a society with immense improvement is at work. This is one of the chief feats recorded only through the extreme support of human welfare work. No wonder today, social welfare profession is given utmost significance, and many with proper qualification are encouraged in this direction, to enhance the scale of societal improvement and development.


What Qualities Are Needed For Self Employment

Self employment does seem to be quite fascinating and one of the best ways of leading your life, but just pause and think – are you really cut out for self employment? There are people who can do quite well being self employed and there are people who just cannot get into the drift. So, where do you fit in?

Here, I list the kinds of people who I think will never do well in a self employment opportunity. These categories are taken from the top of my head, and there will surely be some more of them. But these are good enough to give a preliminary idea of the kind of person you need to be to become self employed.

1. If you do not have any kind of drive to create your own thing, then you are better off in a daytime job. Self employment is not for you. All self employment opportunities, whatever their nature might be, require you to create. You have to have at least some talent in you that common people do not have. You should be able to create things, and then love them enough to let others partake in your creation.

2. You have to be money-minded. If you are just thinking of entering into a self employment opportunity without any head of business, you are doomed. This is because the entire onus of expenses and investments will fall on you. You will have to sometimes bargain with your clients and get good deals. You have to have those talents.

3. Every person in a self employment venture needs to be a task manager. Oftentimes, the burden of managing a lot of responsibilities will fall on your shoulders. You will have to look after not just the production, but you will also be responsible for the promotion and the investment. So, you have to have good skills in managing all these kinds of works at once. You will need to allocate different times of the day for different purposes.

4. This is very important, though not often said – you will have to have affection for your own self employment venture and you will have to nourish it like a baby. You don’t have to do this in a job, because someone else has already established it. So, can you muster enough love and affection for the business opportunity you are giving birth to? You might have to sometimes spend long hours on it, do things that you don’t like much, and even stretch yourself to the limit. Be prepared for all this.

Contrary to what newbies feel, self employment is not a piece of cake. You need to have specific qualities to do good here. As I said before, there are some people who have natural talents to be self employed and then there are those who cannot be self employed unless they learn and improve.


Green Careers More Than You Think

Some say that the takeover of the House of Representatives and several state governments byRepublicans in November of 2010 spells doom for green careers and a clean energy future. However, let’s be fair: President Obama had a two-year window in which he could have acted aggressively to move the country toward sustainable energy.

Sadly, instead of acting like Franklin D. Roosevelt, he chose British prime minister Neville Chamberlain as a role model and pursued a policy of appeasement. And frankly, since 2006 too many Democrats in Washington D.C. revealed themselves as being firmly in the back pocket of Exxon-Mobil, BP and the rest.

The bottom line: if we as the people of the U.S. and the world are to see a clean energy future free from the tyranny of Big Oil, we can expect very little help from our “elected” officials, who anymore are bought and paid for by global corporate interests to serve the wants and demands of the very rich.

As fossil fuels become increasingly scarce and difficult to obtain however, it will be necessary to make a transition toward sustainable energy alternatives, if only for our survival.

In the meantime, at least in more progressive and forward-thinking regions of the U.S., green careers will be growing. According to the U.S. Department of Labor, some of these that are in more immediate demand include bus drivers, railroad engineers and streetcar operators. As the cost of motor fuel continues to increase, it is likely that Americans, however reluctantly, will be increasingly led to give up the use of private automobiles and turn to mass transit solutions. Interestingly, the construction industry will be another growth industry as the demand for new, green construction and the retrofitting of older homes and buildings rises.

Thinking further down the road, some of these green careers include some occupations that relate to wind and solar energy technologies only indirectly. One of these is the job of public relations specialist, whose job it will be to counteract thirty years of corporate media propaganda and convince the general public that a sustainable energy future is in their best interest. There will also be a need for what will be known as CSOs, or “Chief Sustainability Officers” who will supervise and coordinate green energy projects and the organizations charged with implementing them.


Requirements For Us Expats For Filing Income Tax Returns

Living outside USA will not get you rid of the requirement to file annual income tax returns. Citizens and US green card holders are required by law to file their tax returns each year even if they have stayed outside United States or have not generated any income in United States of America. They should continue to file their returns same as when they were living in US if their annual gross income as an individual is in excess of $ 9,350 or $ 18,700 when filing as married jointly. The filing of tax return by expats is also required to claim any tax benefit including foreign earned income exclusions or foreign tax credits. Let us further study these requirements.

There are some special provisions in place which are applicable for expat taxpayers to make it convenient for them to file their returns. The filing of state tax returns may not be due but it is still mandatory for all of them to file their federal tax returns to Internal Revenue Service (IRS) department.

Let us first understand that filing of a tax return doesnt mean that necessarily you have to pay something to the tax authorities. As an expat you can qualify for foreign earned income exclusion in Form 2555. This means an expat earning in excess of $ 100,000 can still pay no taxes in US. In case you have paid any foreign income taxes you can claim tax credits of the equivalent account.

US expats have several options on where they have to send their tax returns. In case where no income tax is due they can file by mail addressed to IRS, Austin, TX office. In the case where you have tax dues you need to mail the return to IRS, Charlotte, NC office. American tax payers can also submit their returns at the nearest consulate office. Special extra time of six months is also provided to the expat taxpayers in order to file their returns. They usually have to file their returns by 15th October every year, this six months extension is automatic and one doesnt need apply to avail it. A simple form 4868 is supposed to be filed by this category of taxpayers.

One always also has a choice of electronically preparing and submitting their tax returns from an off shore location. This method has proven to be more efficient and less cumbersome.


Salary Questions and Answers

The one topic that both the employer and job seeker often feel uncomfortable speaking about is salary. You as the job seeker want to get the most you possibly can. The potential employer wants to pay you as little as they can. Here are some great answers to salary questions that you can use so you don’t leave any money on the table when negotiating salary.

Question: What kind of salary are you looking for?

Analysis: In this situation try to get the company to make the first offer. Most professionals agree that whoever brings up salary first loses the negotiation. Try to deflect the question so that you don’t give them a number first. Here is an effective but aggressive response.

Answer: We are all interested in making a good salary, but it is more important for me to contribute and grow along with your company. Based on this interview and speaking with some of your employees. I am interested in working for your company. If you feel the same way, I will be very happy to entertain your strongest offer.

Question: What are your minimum salary requirements?

Analysis: Do not every answer this question unless you are completely desperate for a job and will take anything. On the other hand you should inform the interviewer that your skills and experience are well above minimum salary requirements.

Answer: I am proud of my work history, my skills and qualifications and the value I bring to any prospective employer. I would base my salary completely on my ability to make a positive contribution to a company’s profitability not minimum salary requirements. I am very interested in this position with your company and if you are interested in bringing me on to your firm I will entertain your strongest offer.

Question: What is your current salary?

Analysis: What you are currently earning has no direct bearing on what you are worth or what you should be making. With that being said it is difficult to relay that idea with out coming off defensive. The interviewer is looking for specifics by asking this question but you can be elusive and broad but still give a quality answer.

Answer: I am earning a base salary of $XXXXX and have health insurance and paid vacation time. However I don’t believe this information will guide you in measuring my value to your company since the two positions are very different.

These are the most common ways of employers approaching the salary subject. By understanding what and why they are asking you should be able to get the best salary possible.


Pros and Cons of Various Professions Get It Right.

First of all, it is vital to get the idea of different professions, as they are the result of the technological and scientific progress. In this respect one should be accurate in judging on whether it is good or bad to have such a versatility of professions and specialization to date. As a matter of fact, one should count different professions with a mere extent of criticism. It is not appropriate to show some definite position only. It is full of suspicion as for probable biases in a person’s judgments.

Pros

Well-being. Communities which are highly developed in different industries are full of lucre and stability. It is logical to suppose that different professions and occupations are interwoven into this process of constant well-being in the society.

Higher standards of communication. It is a reminder that living in the post-industrial society, the information has become the main product. Thus, various professions and occupations serve as the background for exchanging and sharing information between individuals.

Intellectual growth. Where there are plentiful professions, individuals are likely to improve their intellectual background. In turn it reflects on the intellectual characterization of the whole society. With more specialists representing this or that profession the society has more chances to lead in technologies and economical growth.

Cons

Health. It is known that due to many occupations and professions individuals may encounter distress and get unwell. The workplace is a holistic background for different disorders as related to the cardio-vascular diseases and even mental disorders.

Noise. In a versatility of different professions one cannot omit the destructive effect of noise. It is especially common for factories and plants. In the urban industrialized areas the harmful effect of noise is inevitable. It disseminates everything as long as it is everywhere. If it is not concerned with plants and factories, then cars give ground to its emergence on the spot.

Joel Berry is passionate about helping students with their academic writing essay! She provides professional custom writing service and research writing services to every student in academic need.


Solicitors Warn Over Interns Employment Rights

We have recently seen interns rights hitting the news desk with claims that on some occasions those employers choosing to use interns in their business are acting out of line. But before pointing the finger, its important that the exact facts and figures are known and solicitors are keen to point this out.

The current issue is that many interns, who are usually young people looking for that all important vital experience before securing a job role, are being exploited and are essentially working as unpaid members of staff. If this is the case, they are entitled to a certain amount of rights as any other normal working person.
Another concern is that the internships seem to last a considerable amount of time sometimes upwards of 6 months, towards one year, stopping those taking part in the schemes getting on the job ladder and therefore lowering their overall quality of life.

Although there are many admirable reasons why you might take the decision to work unpaid at an organisation, often it is to gain experience in a competitive industry where job opportunities are few and far between but solicitors point out that in some situations, interns should not be treated as they are being.
There are three points which define a worker and as a worker you are entitled to the benefits that come part and parcel with the package, namely minimum wage, statutory rights e.g. sick pay and holidays. These three points are:

There is some form of written or verbal contract which states the workers obligations to the business
Some sort of monetary or benefit in kind payment has been promised. This could amount to the understanding of the future job role.
The worker has a job role and is contracted to complete all of the tasks given to him

The three points above are really what sets apart a worker from an intern, and solicitors warn that if those rules arent adhered too, there may well be repercussions for the employer in question in the future.

If there are any concerns regarding rights for interns and whether you are an employee or an intern you can get advice from either an employment law solicitor, or try on the DirectGov and Business Link websites.


Free Newborn Baby Stuff For Lower Income People – The Things That You Need To Recognize

These are really trying times for a lot of people, and they would find it very hard keeping up with all the bills and other expenses that seem to come out of nowhere every time. Having a new toddler in their lives may complicate matters even more because infants have special needs that can become really expensive especially in our modern world.

If you are resourceful enough, you could get to find free newborn stuff for lower income families. There are many places where you could get these, and all you have to do is to be patient and grab the opportunity whenever there is something that is being given for no charge.

There are just so many places that people could get free little one stuff for low income families. You would just need to know where to look for them exactly. Most parents would choose to have their child born in hospitals. Many of the hospitals and clinics provide 100 percent free documentations and guides to help new parents take care of their baby. Aside from that, parents could also get some sample products like medications and supplements for their toddler right at the hospitals.

A parent that knows where to look for the stuff that their toddler needs would be able to get a sample of anything that their little one needs. There are plenty of food free samples, clothing free samples, diapers, bottles and nipples, and other stuff that the little child needs. Some of the places that lower income families can look for zero cost stuff include recreational centers, child product stores, department stores, and even in groceries.

Most businesses now are eager to trounce on their competition by giving out free infant stuff for low income families. They usually give some of their products for f-r-e-e so that people will buy their products if they find it really effective for their child. After all, why would parents switch to another brand if the product that they are using for their toddler does the job well?

Still, aside from those places, there are many other sources where people could get some zero cost stuff for their infant. One of the most beneficial ways that they could get to find entirely free products is to go to using the web baby product stores. Most of the time, they give out products to encourage people to buy from them. Parents with lower incomes can really save with these stores because aside from the at no cost stuff, they usually have lower prices for their products.

Another good source for the free toddler stuff for low income families is the websites of the manufacturers of the newborn products. In order to gain loyal customers, these corporations give out their products for absolutely free. They usually also give out discounts so that people can buy their products for less.


Changing Employment Scenario In India

India was hit by the IT boom a couple of years back and a lot of young college graduates started taking up jobs with these companies because it was easy to get jobs in these companies compared to the government sector. However, it did not take long for these people to realize that the private firms are not much concerned about the welfare of their employees; the only thing that they are concerned about is profit.

It was during this time that the government bank jobs in India regained their popularity and a lot of people started leaving these private companies to apply for government jobs. During this time the government also realized that it needed to make a couple of changes in the whole employment system so more people could get employed with government departments.

The Ministry of human resource and development conducted a couple of camps throughout the country in different colleges and universities to find out ways to increase employment opportunities. It did not take him long to realize that almost all government vacancies in India were available in the metropolitan cities; there were very few vacancies in the rural areas. The Ministry submitted a report to the central government and the latter chalked out a plan to put things in order.

The Indian government took a most important step to increase employment opportunities throughout the country and it was the dissolution of a number of trade unions across diverse industry verticals.

Prior to the Indian government taking any positive action, different trade unions across the country had a lot of power in their hands. Some sectors such as public transport, licensing departments, and the road construction departments had a lot of employees who were not under the direct payrolls of the government. These contract employees used to work on daily wages under government appointed contractors and had absolutely no job security. And most of the cases it was the trade unions who decided whom to employ and whom to reject.

The government was basically concerned about getting the job done; not the process through which the job was getting done. This fishy system also promoted a lot of corruption in the government departments.
After getting reports from the HRD Ministry, the central government put a complete ban on a lot of trade unions across the country and all those people who used to work as contract employees soon got absorbed into the system.


Get That Second Job Interview Once Your Resume Passes Inspection

When there is a tough economy, job opportunities are very hard to come by, and job interviews are few and far between, so each phase of the job process gets more key. The initial communication with a company is generally by resume, following which you want to be presented with a first interview. In the event that this doesn’t happen, your resume will have been placed onto the toss heap, with simply no hope of an interview. However, there are a few things you should be aware of for your resume. Make sure that you do in fact have the skills that they are looking for. The easiest way for a business to reduce the number of candidates is to throw out those resumes that do not have the necessary certification. If yours are fine, then you need to make certain your resume aim is intriguing, making them need to interview you. Your aim is the chance to make them interested in you and want to meet you in that first interview. Nevertheless, what you need to understand is that the whole purpose of the resume is to get that initial interview, and the objective of that initial interview is to make it through to the second interview. There may or may not be extra job interviews even after this, based on the company and the position itself.

Now, your resume must pass the initial examination. How can you be sure that you get into the employment interview heap, not dumped in the throw away bunch? There are a few obvious things to do here. Check your spelling, several times, and even get a friend to check for you. You’d probably be amazed at how many people send out resumes with glaringly obvious misspellings in them, a sure way to hit the reject stack. Make positive all the facts you give in your resume are totally accurate. Stretching the truth is not a good idea, and it could easily backfire on you.

Replying with thank you letters is a great way of keeping your name in-front of the organization personnel, and obviously, you can deliver your thanks after each phase of the interview procedure. Of course, you should give thanks each particular person who has given their time to interview you, and the letters should be a little different and personal if you can. Whether you send email messages or regular letters is one of those issues that is up for discussion, however as the years go by, e mail is becoming a more and more acceptable type of connection. Obviously, you really need to check the spelling and the grammar for each thank you letter also.