Employment Law – Claims – Overseas Worker

In the case Saggar v Ministry of Defence [2005] , it was held that an overseas based employee of a British business, who was a UK resident when recruited or at any time during the course of the employee’s employment, is entitled to bring a discrimination claim in the UK . The claim can be brought even if the employee did no further work in Britain after the move overseas.

After 16 years at a Ministry of Defence base in Britain , Lieutenant Colonel Surinder Nath Saggar was permanently stationed in Cyprus from 1998 and was still there when he made a claim for race discrimination.

The Employment Tribunal decided that Lieutenant Saggar worked wholly outside Britain and could not file a race discrimination claim in Britain . He appealed against this decision to the Employment Appeals Tribunal (“EAT”).

The EAT dismissed the appeal and held that:-

In order for Lieutenant Saggar’s claim to succeed, the EAT would have to look at the whole of his employment from 1982 onwards, and that would be “absurd”;

The EAT was bound by the decision of the Court of Appeal in the case of Carver v Saudi Arabian Airlines [1999] where for the purposes of establishing whether or not a tribunal has jurisdiction to hear a claim, it is necessary to consider whether, at the time of the alleged discrimination, the claimant was wholly or mainly working in Great Britain;
Accordingly, at the time of the alleged discrimination, Lieutenant Saggar worked wholly in Cyprus .
The case went to the Court of Appeal and it was decided that: –

The relevant period for determining whether a claimant worked wholly or mainly outside Great Britain is the whole period of employment;
This approach was supported by the wording in s 8(1) of the Race Relations Act 1976; and
This decision applied equally to all employees even though a person serving in the Armed Forces is not an employee as there is no contract of service.
The matter was remitted to a different tribunal to determine the issue of jurisdiction in accordance with the Court of Appeal’s judgment.

Comment: This is a significant decision in favour of employees. This means that in many cases where employees are posted abroad they are entitled to bring employment claims in the UK . In practice, as well as complying with the rules of the country where employees are working, it would be sensible for employers to apply English employment law standards as well.

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RT COOPERS, 2005. This Briefing Note does not provide a comprehensive or complete statement of the law relating to the issues discussed nor does it constitute legal advice. It is intended only to highlight general issues. Specialist legal advice should always be sought in relation to particular circumstances.


How To Experience Business Growth Through Employee Satisfaction

If you want to experience business growth, you will need to foster employee satisfaction. Happy employees equal loyal laborers. When your employees are happy, your customers are more likely to be happy, and you will be happy with your business.

So, how do you make an employee happy, especially if you are just starting out? Unless you have a wealthy uncle, you are not yet in a position to offer much in the way of employee incentives. Fortunately, fostering worker loyalty does not have to cost money.

First, treat your employee with kindness and respect. You can still maintain your position as the boss, and still exercise common courtesy. Let your employees know your rules and expectations, and subsequent actions for noncompliance, from the beginning of their employment, and avoid disciplinary problems. However, do not be a tyrant. Allow your employees to grow as well. Listen to their ideas and give them room to try something new. Yes, you can experience business growth with happy employees, and it will not reduce your bottom line in the least.

Second, treat your customers with kindness and respect. Whether they enter your establishment with smiles on their faces, or have a black cloud of doom overhead, it is equally important that you keep your eye on the big picture. Your customers are actually the best advertisement for your business.

Unfortunately, if you have disgruntled employees, you will likely lose some potentially long-term customers. Even with the best efforts to be positive and cheerful, a customer can tell if employee relations are suffering, and will be less eager to pay a return visit. Similarly, when a really cantankerous customer walks in the door, it will be almost impossible to maintain excellent customer service, if an employee already feels devalued by you-the boss.

Third, you will be much happier, if your employees are happy and building a community of loyal consumers. The bottom line: you need to worry about the people associated with you business, customer and employee. If you truly want to experience noteworthy business growth, forget obsessing over the bottom line.

As a result, you will be less likely to compromise productivity while training new employees on a regular basis; you will spend less time worrying about advertising the business, if you employees have helped you establish a loyal customer base. Likewise, do not forget about your faithful employees, and they will stick with you during the trying times and the periods of prosperity. In the end, you will experience substantial business growth by practicing two simple words with your employees: common courtesy.


Salary Range For Veterinary Careers

The salary range for veterinary careers varies widely depending on many factors. Of course, your salary will be drastically different depending on whether you choose a career as a veterinarian, veterinary technician, veterinarian assistant or veterinary office manager. The pay range will also vary depending on such factors as location, experience, merit, bonuses, commission and profit sharing.

A veterinarian will make the most money out of all these professions, of course, but they must also complete eight years of schooling to earn a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine. Next in line is the veterinary technician, who is basically a nurse for animals and must earn at least a two-year degree and pass a state administered exam. Most veterinary techs earn an Associate of Science, but there are also diploma and certificate programs at vocational schools that will qualify you for certain jobs. Some veterinary technicians even earn a Bachelor of Science, which takes four years. Veterinarian assistants must only complete a certification program, which can be completed in a year or less. A veterinary office manager does not need any formal training in veterinary science, but business training and experience working with animals will help.

As a veterinarian, you can expect to earn within the range of $58,726 to $88,170 per year including salary, bonuses, commission and profit sharing, if applicable. With more experience and loyal clients, you may earn more. Veterinary technician salaries depend on experience even more. A vet tech with less than one year of experience may earn between $20,225 and $30,520, but those with 10 to 19 years of experience can earn more than $44,000 per year. The average salary for veterinary assistants of all skill and experience levels is between $21,000 and $32,000 per year. And as a veterinary office manager, you can expect to take home between $29, 915 and $46,875 depending on experience, skills, bonuses, commissions and profit sharing.

There are many careers in the veterinary field. You dont even necessarily need a whole lot of education to get into this field, but if you want to earn top dollar you do.


Boosting Employee Morale With Employee Surveys

Do you know exactly how your employees feel when Monday morning approaches?

Are they eager to get back to a satisfying workplace and to perform important tasks?

Or, do they sit home Sunday night dreading another week of unimportant work performed for an ogre of a boss?

The truth is probably somewhere in between; but without actual knowledge of the facts, its hard to improve anything.

The ideal workplace provides employees with empowerment and direction when needed, but shies away from unnecessary micro-management. Employees feel they are contributing to meaningful goals in a significant way. The ideal workplace offers compensation and benefits that meet the needs of employees and cause them to remain loyal to an organization for the long term.

If you don’t know where your employees morale level stands, you can’t make life better or productivity higher. Better morale means greater productivity which translates into an improved bottom line. Unhappy employees miss more work and produce inferior work.

By measuring your employee morale level through an Employee Satisfaction Survey, you can learn how your employees feel provided your employees believe that their honest input will result in appropriate change where needed. The danger of conducting Employee Satisfaction Surveys, of course, is that if you do not allow change where change is needed, you may well cause employee morale to drop even lower.

Suppose, for instance, that one result of a survey is that your employees feel your management style inhibits effective production of quality work. Would you be willing to alter your management style and more proactively empower employees?

If youre not willing to change, you will likely be wasting time and money by performing surveys. If youre willing to keep an open mind, surveys can lead your organization to greater heights and result in decisive morale increases.

Some questions that can reveal a great deal about employee satisfaction include:

(1) Do you feel that management listens to your ideas on how to best accomplish tasks?

(2) Is there a recognizable tie between how well you perform your job and your monetary compensation?

(3) Do you often feel you could do a better job if management would only get out of the way?

(4) Do you feel, once assigned a task, that you are empowered to perform that task?

(5) Do you feel that innovative thinking or “outside the box” thinking is encouraged and rewarded?

(6) Are there enough recognition programs for recognizing outstanding accomplishments on the part of employees?

An effective Employee Satisfaction Survey should not be too lengthy; 20 to 40 questions ought to reveal what you need to know about your employees. Whether you select yes/no questions or choose a 1 to 5 scale (where 5 means complete agreement and 1 means complete disagreement with a survey statement), you should, upon survey completion, compile the results using a database that will let you to analyze the results and convert them into bar charts or other graphics which make them easier to understand.


How To Earn Passive Income Via Revenue Sharing Websites

In order to gain true success in the online business world it is necessary to find innovative ways to make money. Because of that, Adsense revenue sharing sites have become immensely popular in the last few years. As the name suggests these websites allow you to put your own Adsense ads on your content. Revenue sharing is a win-win situation as it allows the authors to earn money and free traffic and helps the publishers in attracting more visitors. Not everyone meets success on these sites but by following a few simple techniques your chances become higher. In this article we’ll have a look at these strategies and their effectiveness.

Write Original Content: Only high quality, unique content can perform well in search engines. Thus, it is extremely important to write unique content for revenue sharing sites. If you intend to use articles that you have already used on article directories or your own website then rewrite it completely before submission. Otherwise Google won’t index your article and it will never be able to generate a single penny.

Market your Content: This step is more important then the first one. A brilliant article is of no use if nobody ever reads it. On the other hand an average article can work brilliantly if marketed properly. Submitting the articles to social bookmarking sites is the most obvious way of promotion. Some people will tell you that traffic originated from any source other then search engines does not work well. However this is not the case. Traffic from sites like digg and delicious work fine with Adsense.

Volume is The Key: Luck is a big factor in online success. Not every piece that you’ll write will go to the first page of Google. However if you write a lot of content then the chances of success will increase exponentially. Therefore, write lots and lots of articles.

Interlink your Articles: To maximize income from existing traffic, try to keep your visitors on your pages. You can do this by giving links to your other pages under “Similar Articles”. Linking your articles with each other will also improve your search engine ranking.

By following the above mentioned techniques you can easily earn a decent amount of passive income.


The Job Outlook For Sonography Careers

The job outlook for sonography careers is good right now, which makes it an excellent time to start training for this burgeoning medical profession. There are several types of sonography careers, but they all include diagnostic imaging technology. Sonographers and sonography technicians are involved in detecting, diagnosing and treating medical conditions in the human body through the use of x-ray images. Ultrasound technicians may also specialize in ob/gyn, which involves taking images of fetuses in the mothers” wombs.

As a medical diagnostic sonographer, you can expect to bring home an average of $67,000 annually, although this job requires more advanced training than an ultrasound technician, which only requires a certificate program that can be completed in one to two years. Both of these careers have good job outlooks, though, with an expected growth of 18 percent through the year 2016. Since trade schools, vocational schools and community colleges offer shorter programs, many students may opt to become a technician and perhaps go back to become a medical diagnostic sonographer later on.

Your duties as a diagnostic medical sonographer will include the use of highly specialized equipment that directs high frequency sound waves into parts of the body where you are trying to detect and/or diagnose medical conditions for patients. The images may be recorded as videos or photographs. You need to be good at dealing with patients and have an amiable bedside manner, as the people you see may be in very fragile emotional conditions, especially if there is a possibility they have a serious condition such as cancer.

In order to become a diagnostic medical sonographer you will need at least an associate”s degree, although 30 percent of sonographers have bachelor”s degrees, and they may have more opportunities for advancement and career options. Whether you choose to become a sonographer with an associate”s or bachelor”s degree, or to complete a certificate program to become a radiology technician, you must make sure the school you attend is accredited. If it isn”t, the job outlook for sonography careers probably won”t be very good for you.


Starting Dentist Salary How Much Can You Earn Right After Dental School

Every student while studying in college or university is wondering how much he/she can earn right after the graduation. Many sources provide future professionals with the numbers of median dentist salary. However, these figures differ quite a lot from earnings on initial stages of your career.

Becoming a dentist is a promising path, however, everything happens gradually, like in every field and every profession. Your dentist salary will grow together with your experience. At first you will work to improve your professional skills and knowledge. This will further on increase your earning potential.

But talk is cheap. To be more specific, let’s refer to statistical data provided by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics. Check whether your future expectations coincide with real numbers of starting dentist salary.

If you are going to work as a general dentist, you can expect to earn around $69,790 a year. The hourly scale shows that dentist salary within this specialization is as much as $33.55 per hour. The top paying industries for beginners are dentists’ offices, federal executive branch, general medical and surgical hospitals.

If your specialization is Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, you’re quite lucky! Starting dentist salary here is about $101,730 per year according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, and $48.91 is an hourly rate! Sounds great, doesn’t it? Moreover, most of the oral and maxillofacial surgeons are self-employed. And private sector is the most profitable, when we talk about earnings! This means that these professionals earn the highest salaries in the field of dentistry, which is over $200,000 a year!

Orthodontics is a quite promising branch for young dentists as well. On average, orthodontists start at $102,150 per year, which is $49.11 if you switch to an hourly scale. Starting dentist salary within this specialization depends greatly on the state you are practicing in. There are a couple of states that pay really good salaries for orthodontists, namely Virginia, South Carolina, Nevada, Nebraska, and Minnesota. So think carefully when choosing the location for your practice!

Prosthodontists get a bit lower starting dentist salary. As a rule, these professionals work at dentist’ offices, where they can get near $40,290 a year. For a beginner a good hourly pay is anywhere between $20-$25 per hour.

Of course, starting dentist salary is lower then earnings of professional dentists. However, it’s quite enough to make a good living, don’t you think so? A few years of practice – and you will double your dentist salary!


Working In General Retail – Job Description Sales Assistant

Would you like to work in the retail industry? If you possess any of the following skills apply now!

Some of the main duties for a general position in the retail industry in a shop such as a department store or a boutique, working as a sales assistant will require the following skills:-

Ability to interact well with people.
Greet customers and ensure their needs are met.
To offer help and assistance in locating/obtaining a particular product make/size/model.
To make recommendations, such as, to place an order or to call another store regarding the item required if its out of stock and place the order for the customer.
To make recommendations regarding the product/merchandise.
Provide gift-wrapping and packing services.
To be able to use a cash register efficiently and ensure vouchers, coupons and cash are kept in order.
Process cash/credit payments.
Answer questions and queries.
Keep the environment clean/tidy (wipe down counters/shelves).

It is essential to maintain as much knowledge as possible regarding sales and promotions whilst also ensuring that you know what the companys policies and procedures are regarding exchanging/payment of goods.

Always maintain all essential security regulations are met.

Depending on the product sometimes it will be necessary to provide a demonstration of its use or operation and give advice on the maintenance of the item(s).

Other duties may involve:-
Maintaining the stores sales records.
Balancing the cash register and making deposits.
Pricing items correctly and visibly.
Creating attractive displays to promote the companys sales.
Preparing sales slips and contracts.
Making delivery arrangements.
Selling insurance and service policies for goods purchased.
Having the ability to stock take.
Being aware and knowledgeable regarding security threats and keeping an eye out for theft.

Whether you decide to work for a large department store or a corner shop or even a small boutique on the high street, the job role for a retailer is endless and full of career opportunities too. There is always plenty of overtime on offer and flexibility regarding hours of work.


Tips For Make Wow Gold With Mining Profession In Wow Cataclysm

It’s widely known to players that mining is one of the best method to make wow gold in world of warcraft. Mining is a gathering profession in WoW that lets you venture out into the wide world of Azeroth and gather raw ore to return to a forge and smelt into metal bars.Mining makes tons of wow gold because players need gems, hence the need for ores.How to use mining profession to make ultimate wow gold?Let’s take a view at the tips below.

Tip 1. Go to any major capital city and locate a Mining Trainer

Once youve learned the profession youll need to buy a pickaxe, also known as a Mining Pick, (located near the Mining Trainer). With a pickaxe and the skill, you can venture out into the wild and mine ore from nodes that litter the world (mostly in rocky/non-grassy areas). A skill called Find Minerals will be available to you on your mini-map to highlight mineral veins throughout the world of Azeroth. As you gathering your ore youre given two options. If youre a Jewelcrafter, you can prospect the ore and turn it into gems (gems are also looted from the nodes). If not, then you can either sell the raw ore (which is sometimes more profitable) or smelt it into bars.

Tip 2. Learning Smelt Elementium

You can learn how to make this extremely rare and valuable metal in Blackwing Lair.Its only for a few epic and legendary items, but it still scarce! You must venture into Blackwing Lair and seek out Master Elemental Shaper Krixix. Hell be aggressive, so have a Priest mind-control him. A skill will appear on the pet bar called Smelt Elementium. Cast this on any player who seeks to learn it.

Tip 3. Smelting Dark Iron
NPC known as Gloomrel can be found inside of the Chamber of the Sevens in Blackrock Depths. Hell want two Star Rubies, ten Truesilver Bars, and twenty wow gold Bars to teach you how to smelt Dark Iron (if you have 230 mining skill). Afterwards, you can begin smelting Dark Iron at the Black Forge which is also located in the Blackrock Depths. Eight Dark Iron is needed to create one Dark Iron bar!

Knowing these tips to make world of warcarft gold with ming profession can help you gain wow gold from zero to maximum. Of course, it needs you to handle it well and spend time mining.If you don’t have much time making wow gold in this way, I recommend you to buy wow gold from fedexwowgold.com, because you can get wow gold from them safely within 15mins and enjoy the good service like FedEX in our real life.


The Minister of Employment says Castilla-La Mancha is the Incidence Rate of Accidents at Work Lowes

This is the number of accidents per 100,000 workers was reduced by 5.7%, in minor accidents, 29.5 to 34.7% in severe and fatal

Spain, July 14, 2013 – The Minister of Employment and Economy, Home Carmen reported that in the first half of the year the total accident rate has dropped by 6% over the same period last year, representing the rate incidence of accidents lowest since records thanks to the collaboration that is taking place between the government, employers and trade unions in our region.

The data on incidence rate, ie the number of accidents per 100,000 workers was reduced by 5.7%, in minor accidents, the serious accidents has decreased by 29.5% and the mortal has decreased 34.7%.

Also, the decrease is also extensible absolute terms, with a decrease of 13.6% when day accidents while commuting are down 6.9%. In terms of severity, lower all types of accidents, the slight decrease to 13.4%, the bass is reduced by 35.3% and mortals fall by 40%.

In connection with the mortals, it has gone from 25 fatal accidents in the first half of 2012, to the 10 that occurred in 2013, representing a decrease of 15 accidents. In working day 6 accidents have occurred less and with respect to the commuting the reduction has been 9 accidents. Of the 10 fatal accidents only 2 are due to poor safety materials, 3 to “nontraumatic processes” and the remaining 5 because of the traffic bound.

Despite these positive developments, Home has indicated that with respect to the prevention of accidents, every effort will be slightly while still producing a single accident, why should not relent in the effort to reduce accidents in no time.

To the minister, the safety and occupational health are priorities for the Regional Government, and therefore do not skimp any effort for improvement through various programs for prevention, counseling, information and training in the matter.

Home has estimated that basic actions are the Ministry of Employment and the Economy is being launched, as the line of financial assistance for entrepreneurs to finance preventive management in business and investment, Program Musculo -skeletal or Program Local authorities to improve the working conditions of public employees, among others.

Finally, Carmen Home stressed that at present the Ministry of Employment and the Economy through the Directorate General of Industrial Relations, Occupational Safety and Health and the hand of the social partners, is working on the development of a new Strategic Agreement within the framework of future performance of the National Security Strategy and Health.

Press Contact: Consejeria de Empleo y Economia Media Relations Consejeria de Empleo y Economia Address: Avda Ireland No 14 512-212-1139